Sending cards слайд,презентация
Survived –артық өмір сүру
Variety- әр түрлілік, көптік
To cheer-қуану, риза болу
Flourished-гүлдену, сәтті болу
Commercialization –сауда, саудалық
People celebrate Valentine’s Day by sending cards or gifts to the family or close friends, sweethearts.
The tradition which has survived the longest is the sending of cards or poems to the valentine. British and French valentine poems date to the 1400s and the writing of Valentines became an art, particularly in the 1800s in Great Britain. A great variety of materials were used to make valentines, including artificial flowers, feathers, velvet, silk lace, shells, dried flowers, grasses, net, and even tiny mirrors.
Around 1840 Valentines also became popular in America, and by 1857 over 3 million Valentines sold, their price ranging from 3 cents to 30 dollars each.
In history of making Valentine Esther A.Howland of Worcester has a prominent place. In 1848 as a young woman Esther had to stay home because of a broken kneecap. To cheer her up father’s colleague sent her a Valentine card made in England. She liked the card very much and decided to make some of her own. Some samples of her work were taken by her brothers during their business trip through New England States. When they returned they had 5 thousand dollars worth of business of making Valentine cards flourished .
The mass production of Valentine began in the 1890s. The commercialization of St.Valentine’s Day has continued in this century.
a)All the Valentine cards were made of paper
b) Valentines have never cost more than 10 $
c) Esther went to England to study Valentine making
d) Business associate of Esther’s father played an important role in her future career
e) Esther’s brothers went to New England states to show people samples of her work